Cisco Blogs


Cisco Blog > Threat Research

Vulnerability Spotlight: Apple Quicktime Corrupt stbl Atom Remote Code Execution

This post was authored by Rich Johnson, William Largent, and Ryan Pentney. Earl Carter contributed to this post.

Cisco Talos, in conjunction with Apple’s security advisory issued on June 30th,  is disclosing the discovery of a remote code execution vulnerability within Apple Quicktime. This vulnerability was initially discovered by the Talos Vulnerability Research & Development Team and reported in accordance with responsible disclosure policies to Apple.

There is a remote code execution vulnerability in Apple Quicktime (TALOS-CAN-0018, CVE-2015-3667). An attacker who can control the data inside an stbl atom in a .MOV file can cause an undersized allocation which can lead to an out-of-bounds read. An attacker can use this to create a use-after-free scenario that could lead to remote code execution.

There is a function within QuickTime (QuickTimeMPEG4!0x147f0) which is responsible for processing the data in an hdlr atom. There is a 16-byte memory region, allocated near the beginning of the function, if the hdlr subtype field in an mdia atom is set to ‘vide’, this reference is passed to a set of two functions.

apple-qt-stbl-0

Read More »

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Hook, Line & Sinker: Catching Unsuspecting Users Off Guard

This post was authored by Earl Carter.

Attackers are constantly looking for ways to monetize their malicious activity. In many instances this involves targeting user data and accounts. Talos continues to see phishing attacks targeting customers of multiple high profile financial institutions.  In the past couple of months, we have observed phishing attacks against various financial customers including credit card companies, banks, credit unions, and insurance companies, as well as online businesses such as Paypal and Amazon. These phishing attacks have gone old-school in that they either attach an HTML document or include HTML data in the actual email to present the user with official looking pages that appear to be from the actual businesses being targeted.

Read More »

Tags: , , ,

Domain Shadowing Goes Nuclear: A Story in Failed Sophistication

This post was authored by Nick Biasini

Exploit Kits are constantly altering their techniques to compromise additional users while also evading detection. Talos sees various campaigns start and stop for different exploit kits all the time. Lately a lot of focus has been put on Angler, and rightly so since it has been innovating continually. Nuclear is another sophisticated exploit kit that is constantly active. However, over the last several weeks the activity had ramped down considerably to a small trickle. Starting several days ago that activity began ramping up again and Talos has uncovered some interesting findings during its analysis.

There are several large scale concurrent campaigns going on with Nuclear right now, but one in particular stood out. This campaign is using some familiar techniques borrowed from other exploit kits as well as a new layer of sophistication being added with mixed success. Attackers are always trying to work the balance of evasion and effectiveness trying to evade detection while still being effective in compromising systems. This is especially evident in those hacking for monetary gain in non-targeted attacks. Talos has found a Nuclear campaign using both Domain Shadowing and HTTP 302 cushioning prevalent in Angler. The biggest change is that it appears to be so sophisticated that it’s not working properly. Read More »

Tags: , , ,

Microsoft Patch Tuesday – June 2015

Today, Microsoft has released their monthly set of security bulletins designed to address security vulnerabilities within their products. This month’s release sees a total of 8 bulletins being released which address 45 CVE. Two of the bulletins are listed as Critical and address vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer and Windows Media Player. The remaining six bulletins are marked as Important and address vulnerabilities in Microsoft Office, Windows Kernel, Active Directory, Microsoft Exchange Server, and Microsoft Common Controls.

Read More »

Tags: , , , ,

My Resume Protects All Your Files

This post was authored by Nick Biasini

Talos has found a new SPAM campaign that is using multiple layers of obfuscation to attempt to evade detection.  Spammers are always evolving to get their messages to the end users by bypassing SPAM filters while still appearing convincing enough to get a user to complete the actions required to infect the system. The end payload for this campaign is Cryptowall 3.0. Talos has covered this threat repeatedly and this is another example of how the success of Ransomware has pushed it to one of the top threats we are seeing today. Whether its Exploit Kits or SPAM messages threat actors are pushing as many different variants of Ransomware as possible.

Email Details

The use of resume based SPAM isn’t anything new.  An analysis of our telemetry has found countless messages in the last 30 days related to Resumes. Threat actors have tried many different techniques associated with these messages including using password protected zip files, word documents with embedded macros, and malicious URLs redirecting back to a malicious sample. This threat combined a series of techniques to try and avoid detection that has been surprisingly successful against some products. Below is a sample of one of the emails that we saw in our telemetry.

Sample Email

Sample Email

Read More »

Tags: , , ,