The classic work of English historical literature “The Decline and Fall of Roman Empire” is a book written by the English historian Edward Gibbon, which traces the trajectory of Western civilization from the height of the Roman Empire to the fall of Byzantium. I’m using this comparison to bring to light discussions that my team and I have conducted over the past few years on the topic of as- a-Service (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS, etc.) in the Public and Private Clouds.
Shifting your workloads to the cloud, whether public or private, looks attractive in a number of ways. You conceptually see the gains from quick and readily available infrastructure by just clicking a button or two, your service from a new virtual machine in the cloud appears ready as you need it. The initial gains materialize as on-demand capacity, high availability, and disaster tolerance to name a few. What about the costs of building all of this and has anyone ever seen a positive gain? Has anyone really seen a gain from IaaS alone?
Public and Private cloud services models are still maturing but the overall question that we are hearing, is it worth it? We’ve come across several articles that look at the features, and functions of as-a-Service offerings (to include PaaS, IaaS, SaaS, etc) along with theoretical return on investment (ROI) of each. What we have seen is the shift in focus that sole IaaS eventually plays into higher delivery models like BPaaS (Business Process as-a-Service), or SaaS (Software as-a-Service) etc. Of course the message is different between Enterprises and Service Providers where this could help focus more reliable revenue flows for Service Provider’s and a more deliberate approach for Enterprises.
In the months spent researching this, we never found a definitive paper or published research outside of system integrators or service providers that had actual projected financials for SP or Enterprise. Also, given the financial calculations were heavily weighted on the ROI models from specific vendor equipment vs any diversity in mixed infrastructure environments. In further calculation of the costs for IaaS, requirements from Service Providers or Enterprise do not involve simple scenarios where the predictable medium based Virtual Machine would suffice as a definitive control point for those calculations. We’ve seen the requirements need to align in the form of complex workloads such as database and transaction processing that require more robust, and more expensive IaaS-class VMs within diverse infrastructure, distributed about multiple tiers. Regardless of the requirements category, multiple small scale and diverse control projects are needed to gather precise cost, performance, and availability metrics to validate the real cost and ROI IaaS models. IaaS, for the most part, has to increase it’s service offerings to go further into areas like Virtualized Desktops (VDI), offer enhanced security for data, and potentially pay-per-use capacity on demand services just to name a few. At that point, IaaS is moved from it’s rudimentary form to more of a superset like PaaS, BPaaS, SaaS, etc. One thing to keep in mind, PaaS is very closely associated to the lower end services similar to IaaS where it’s monetization and revenue generation is almost identical.
In summary, we see the Cloud is here to stay but there is a decline in the need for just a simplistic offering of services beyond what is IaaS. The enhanced subset of services must move away from IaaS to be more like BPaaS, SaaS and other models to cost effective. Businesses, whether SP or Enterprise, are going to leverage those services in their market and effect significant changes in the way they operate. The budgets that once filled groups of individual business units (speaking in the context of the Enterprise) to accommodate for their own IT presence, are now consolidated to larger capital and revenue budgets for enhanced IT subscription services that go far beyond what used to be just cloud infrastructure.
Marc Buraczynski, Solutions Architect, Cisco Systems, Inc, Cisco Advanced Services (Boston, MA)
Chris Shockey, Solutions Architect, Cisco Systems, Inc, Cisco Advanced Services. (Seattle, WA)
Tags: BPaaS, cloud, IaaS, paas
The faster internal applications can be developed and deployed, the sooner they will deliver benefits for the business. That’s an easy statement to understand, but not so easy to bring to reality. Read More »
Tags: application development, Cisco IT, cisco on cisco, CITEIS, cloud, coc-data-center, data center, DC, IT, it content, lae, paas, SaaS
According to GigaOM, the use of cloud-based resources will be what’s “next” for IT in preparation for an in-depth look at the infrastructure that will drive the next decade of application development.
At the recent Structure event, GigaOM tapped into the minds of cloud-technology industry leaders, seeking insight into the “Top 5 Questions for the Titans of Cloud.”
In this post, Gee Rittenhouse, Vice President/General Manager, Cloud and Virtualization Group at Cisco, provides answers and insight on cloud infrastructure, exchange, data security and more.
Top Cloud Question #1: “When will all the major clouds support the same set of APIs?”
Today, there is a three-horse race between two proprietary APIs (Amazon Web Services and VMware’s vCloud API) and one open API (OpenStack). For now, the two proprietary APIs will continue to be the dominant players, leveraging their large public cloud (in the case of AWS) and private cloud (in the case of VMware) deployments.
But, as an increasing number of service providers and enterprises adopt and deploy OpenStack cloud solutions across both public and private models, the balance will shift, more than likely over the next two to four years.
Cisco’s approach is different from other, more infrastructure-centric public cloud offers. We believe that the open API model OpenStack will eventually be the dominant cloud API model and will ultimately become the de-facto standard.
Looking to the future beyond just a hybrid cloud conversation toward the Intercloud, an interconnected global cloud of clouds, built with a commitment to open standards and based on OpenStack, will feature APIs to connect any cloud or hypervisor to any other cloud or hypervisor.
Read More »
Tags: API, Cisco, cisco intercloud, CiscoCloud, cloud, Cloud Computing, cloudquestions, data center, Gee Rittenhouse, Gigaom, Hybrid Cloud, IaaS, InterCloud, openshift, OpenStack, paas, private cloud, Public Cloud, SaaS, XaaS
Please take 3 minutes to take the 17-question 2014 Survey to weigh in on key issues to be discussed by North Bridge, Gigaom, and industry colleagues over the next year.
The 4th annual Future of Cloud Computing Survey is underway! Cisco, along with North Bridge and Gigaom Research, and over 60 industry collaborators aim to explore the types of cloud computing technologies being used today and in the future.
Please take 3 minutes to take the 17-question 2014 Survey to weigh in on key issues to be discussed by North Bridge, Gigaom, and industry colleagues over the next year. You can also hear the issues debated first hand during the Gigaom Structure “Future of Cloud Computing Survey” panel on June 18th!
Your participation in the survey is instrumental for our industry to understand how cloud computing resources are being applied. This survey will help shed light on the requirements and needs of the cloud computing market so that vendors can deliver the best solutions. Accordingly, your answers in this survey will help shape future solutions.
As more and more emphasis is put on shifting workloads across the Intercloud, understanding the drivers and inhibitors will help define accurate cloud strategies across organizations.
Re-cap of the 2013 Survey Findings:
- Business is driving cloud adoption: Organizations average 52% current use of applications that advance business priorities, compared with an average 36% that use applications that advance IT priorities – underscoring the increasing value placed by organizations on facilitating the delivery of services beyond IT via the cloud
- Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) leads but fastest growth is in Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), which will give way to Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) in five years.
- Agility and scalability are the primary drivers for cloud adoption. However, the need for cloud services to support mobility and the ability for continuous innovation to drive competitive advantage through more integrated business processes are all key drivers for the future.
- Security is starting to lose its label as the primary inhibitor to cloud adoption as other significant adoption issues arise
Did you miss CiscoLive? Read the “Moving at #Cloud Speed” recap by Didier Rombaut. This blogs includes links to many new cloud assets.
Gigaom: Future of Cloud Computing Survey Results, June 18-19 2014 (San Francisco, CA)
Read Nick Earle’s bio
Cloud World Forum: Nick Earle, Senior Vice President of Worldwide Services Sales and Channels at Cisco will be giving a keynote at Cloud World Forum (London, UK) on June 17th at 16:30. His masterclass address will discuss how you can align your strategy and business for success using cloud.
Tags: cloud, Collaborators, couldwf, future of cloud, futureofcloud, Gigaom, IaaS, InterCloud, Michael J. Skok, nick earle, North Bridge, paas, SaaS
Organizations are rethinking their data centers and nothing is off limits for discussion – everything from infrastructure to software to processes, and even more fundamentally, the very ways in which a data center serves the business. One element that is empowering this phenomenal shift is IT automation. It is vital. No automation, no effective IT. The more sluggish IT is, the more costly it is to the business. Organizations know that, and they want to automate IT processes at all levels to increase effectiveness, time-to-market, and innovation so that they can perform well and compete effectively. IT automation has proven itself, and now it is ready for its closeup.
This week at CiscoLive in San Francisco, you will see just how far automation is reaching into organizations. No longer content to provision virtual machines through a VM dispenser, companies are looking for ways to automate the entire solution stack: applications down through the infrastructure that supports them. Read More »
Tags: APIC, applications, cisco IAC, Cisco UCS Director, Intelligent Automation for Cloud, OpenStack HEAT, paas, Prime Service Catalog, Stack Designer, TOSCA, VMware