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Cisco Security Response Team Opens Its Toolbox

Cisco’s network is a massively complex environment that requires extensive monitoring and remediation. In today’s world of advanced threats and attacks, the company that possesses and positions its tools to preemptively identify and mitigate threats is the one left standing when the dust settles.

Cisco leverages its Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT), a global organization comprised of information security professionals, to monitor, investigate, and respond to cyber security incidents 24×7. The Cisco CSIRT team forms part of the investigative branch of Cisco’s Information Security organization, protecting Cisco from security threats and the loss of its intellectual assets.

With a variety of security tools, CSIRT is able to detect and analyze malicious traffic throughout the network, including virus propagation, targeted attacks, and commonplace exploits. Because CSIRT continually identifies new security threats, the team needs some historical look-back at what occurred on the network. They also need a solution that can dissect the finer details of security incidents while facing the ever-present restrictions with data storage. StealthWatch, a NetFlow monitoring solution from Cisco partner Lancope, contains unique storage, interactivity, and parsing capabilities, to provide a more concise set of data for analysis.

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A Bundle is Born

Today, we released the first Cisco IOS Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication of 2014. Six years ago, Cisco committed to disclosing IOS vulnerabilities on a predictable schedule (on the fourth Wednesday of March and September each calendar year) in direct response to your feedback. We know this timeline allows your organization to plan ahead and ensure resources are available to analyze, test, and remediate vulnerabilities in your environments.

Today’s edition of the Cisco IOS Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication includes six advisories that affect the following technologies:

  • Session Initiation Protocol
  • Network Address Translation
  • Internet Key Exchange Version 2
  • IPv6
  • SSL VPN
  • Cisco 7600 RSP720 with 10GE Uplinks

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February 2014 Threat Metrics

Web surfers in February 2014 experienced a median malware encounter rate of 1:341 requests, compared to a January 2014 median encounter rate of 1:375. This represents a 10% increase in risk of encountering web-delivered malware during the second month of the year. February 8, 9, and 16 were the highest risk days overall, at 1:244, 1:261, and 1:269, respectively. Interestingly, though perhaps not unexpectedly, web surfers were 77% more likely to encounter Facebook scams on the weekend compared to weekdays. 18% of all web malware encounters in February 2014 were for Facebook related scams.

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Coordinated Website Compromise Campaigns Continue to Plague Internet

This post is co-authored with Levi Gundert and Andrew Tsonchev.

Update 2014-03-21: For clarity, the old kernel is a common indicator on the compromised hosts. We are still investigating the vulnerability, and do not yet know what the initial vector is, only that the compromised hosts are similarly ‘old’.

Update 2014-03-22: This post’s focus relates to a malicious redirection campaign driven by unauthorized access to thousands of websites. The observation of affected hosts running Linux kernel 2.6 is anecdotal and in no way reflects a universal condition among all of the compromised websites. Accordingly, we have adjusted the title for clarity. We have not identified the initial exploit vector for the stage zero URIs. It was not our intention to conflate our anecdotal observations with the technical facts provided in the listed URIs or other demonstrable data, and the below strike through annotations reflect that. We also want to thank the community for the timely feedback.

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TRAC has recently observed a large malicious web redirect campaign affecting hundreds of websites. Attackers compromised legitimate websites, inserting JavaScript that redirects visitors to other compromised websites. All of the affected web servers that we have examined use the Linux 2.6 kernel. Many of the affected servers are using Linux kernel versions first released in 2007 or earlier. It is possible that attackers have identified a vulnerability on the platform and have been able to take advantage of the fact that these are older systems that may not be continuously patched by administrators.
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Understanding Security Through Probability

TRAC-tank-vertical_logoThis post was also authored by Min-yi Shen and Martin Lee.

Security is all about probability. There is a certain probability that something bad will happen to your networks or your systems over the next 24 hours. Hoping that nothing bad will happen is unlikely to change that probability. Investing in security solutions will probably reduce the chance of something bad happening, but by how much? And where should resources be most profitably directed?

Cyber security is a complex environment with many unknowns and interdependencies. TRAC data scientists research this environment to try and understand how different variables affect security. Bayesian graph models are one of our most useful tools for understanding probabilities in security and to explore how the likelihood of outcomes can be changed. Read More »

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