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  • Gustuff return, new features for victims


    October 21, 2019 - 0 Comments

    The Gustuff banking trojan is back with new features, months after initially appearing targeting financial institutions in Australia. Cisco Talos first reported on Gustuff in April. Soon after, the actors behind Gustuff started by changing the distribution hosts and later disabled its command and control (C2) infrastructure. The actor retained control of their malware since there is a secondary admin channel based on SMS.

    The latest version of Gustuff no longer contains hardcoded package names, which dramatically lowers the static footprint when compared to previous versions. On the capability side, the addition of a “poor man scripting engine” based on JavaScript provides the operator with the ability to execute scripts while using its own internal commands backed by the power of JavaScript language. This is something that is very innovative in the Android malware space.

    The first version of Gustuff that we analyzed was clearly based on Marcher, another banking trojan that’s been active for several years. Now, Gustuff has lost some similarities from Marcher, displaying changes in its methodology after infection.

    Today, Gustuff still relies primarily on malicious SMS messages to infect users, mainly targeting users in Australia. Although Gustuff has evolved, the best defense remains token-based two-factor authentication, such as Cisco Duo, combined with security awareness and the use of only official app stores.

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  • Threat Roundup for October 11 to October 18


    October 18, 2019 - 0 Comments

    Today, Talos is publishing a glimpse into the most prevalent threats we’ve observed between Oct 11 and Oct 18. As with previous roundups, this post isn’t meant to be an in-depth analysis. Instead, this post will summarize the threats we’ve observed by highlighting key behavioral characteristics, indicators of compromise, and discussing how our customers are automatically protected from these threats.

    As a reminder, the information provided for the following threats in this post is non-exhaustive and current as of the date of publication. Additionally, please keep in mind that IOC searching is only one part of threat hunting. Spotting a single IOC does not necessarily indicate maliciousness. Detection and coverage for the following threats is subject to updates, pending additional threat or vulnerability analysis. For the most current information, please refer to your Firepower Management Center, Snort.org, or ClamAV.net.

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    Reference:

    TRU10182019 – This is a JSON file that includes the IOCs referenced in this post, as well as all hashes associated with the cluster. The list is limited to 25 hashes in this blog post. As always, please remember that all IOCs contained in this document are indicators, and that one single IOC does not indicate maliciousness. See the Read More link above for more details.

  • Checkrain fake iOS jailbreak leads to click fraud


    October 15, 2019 - 0 Comments

    Attackers are capitalizing on the recent discovery of a new vulnerability that exists across legacy iOS hardware. Cisco Talos recently discovered a malicious actor using a fake website that claims to give iPhone users the ability to jailbreak their phones. However, this site just prompts users to download a malicious profile which allows the attacker to conduct click-fraud.

    Checkm8 is a vulnerability in the bootrom of some legacy iOS devices that allows users to control the boot process. The vulnerability impacts all legacy models of the iPhone from the 4S through the X. The campaign we’ll cover in this post tries to capitalize off of checkra1n, a project that uses the checkm8 vulnerability to modify the bootrom and load a jailbroken image onto the iPhone. Checkm8 can be exploited with an open-source tool called “ipwndfu” developed by Axi0mX.

    The attackers we’re tracking run a malicious website called checkrain[.]com that aims to draw in users who are looking for checkra1n.

    This discovery made headlines and caught the attention of many security researchers. Jailbreaking a mobile device can be attractive to researchers, average users and malicious actors. A researcher or user may want to jailbreak phones to bypass standard restrictions put in place by the manufacturer to download additional software onto the device or look deeper into the inner workings of the phone. However, an attacker could jailbreak a device for malicious purposes, eventually obtaining full control of the device.

     

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  • Threat Roundup for October 4 to October 11


    October 11, 2019 - 0 Comments

    Today, Talos is publishing a glimpse into the most prevalent threats we’ve observed between Oct 4 and Oct 11. As with previous roundups, this post isn’t meant to be an in-depth analysis. Instead, this post will summarize the threats we’ve observed by highlighting key behavioral characteristics, indicators of compromise, and discussing how our customers are automatically protected from these threats.

    As a reminder, the information provided for the following threats in this post is non-exhaustive and current as of the date of publication. Additionally, please keep in mind that IOC searching is only one part of threat hunting. Spotting a single IOC does not necessarily indicate maliciousness. Detection and coverage for the following threats is subject to updates, pending additional threat or vulnerability analysis. For the most current information, please refer to your Firepower Management Center, Snort.org, or ClamAV.net.

    Read More

    Reference:

    TRU10112019 – This is a JSON file that includes the IOCs referenced in this post, as well as all hashes associated with the cluster. The list is limited to 25 hashes in this blog post. As always, please remember that all IOCs contained in this document are indicators, and that one single IOC does not indicate maliciousness. See the Read More link above for more details.

  • New IDA Pro plugin provides TileGX support


    October 11, 2019 - 0 Comments

    Cisco Talos has a new plugin available for IDA Pro that provides a new disassembler for TileGX binaries. This tool should assist researchers in reverse-engineering threats in IDA Pro that target TileGX.

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  • Threat Roundup for September 27 to October 4


    October 4, 2019 - 0 Comments

    Today, Talos is publishing a glimpse into the most prevalent threats we’ve observed between Sep. 27 to Oct 4. As with previous roundups, this post isn’t meant to be an in-depth analysis. Instead, this post will summarize the threats we’ve observed by highlighting key behavioral characteristics, indicators of compromise, and discussing how our customers are automatically protected from these threats.

    As a reminder, the information provided for the following threats in this post is non-exhaustive and current as of the date of publication. Additionally, please keep in mind that IOC searching is only one part of threat hunting. Spotting a single IOC does not necessarily indicate maliciousness. Detection and coverage for the following threats is subject to updates, pending additional threat or vulnerability analysis. For the most current information, please refer to your Firepower Management Center, Snort.org, or ClamAV.net.

    Read More

    Reference:

    TRU10042019 – This is a JSON file that includes the IOCs referenced in this post, as well as all hashes associated with the cluster. The list is limited to 25 hashes in this blog post. As always, please remember that all IOCs contained in this document are indicators, and that one single IOC does not indicate maliciousness. See the Read More link above for more details.