Vulnerabilities discovered by Tyler Bohan from Talos
Talos is disclosing three remote code execution vulnerabilities in the NASA CFITSIO library. CFITSIO is a library of C and Fortran subroutines for reading and writing data files in the Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) data format. FITS is a standard format endorsed by both NASA and the International Astronomical Union for astronomical data.
Specially crafted images parsed via the library can cause a stack-based buffer overflow, overwriting arbitrary data. An attacker can deliver a malicious FIT image to trigger this vulnerability, and potentially gain the ability to execute code.