Last week my colleagues and I were excited to deliver a 4-hour lab on IPv6 Security at Cisco Live London 2013. The training enabled students to correctly identify, classify, and deter or prevent the nefarious IPv6-specific behaviors. They did so by configuring network threat defense, countermeasures, and controls that were implemented and deployed on infrastructure devices as well as validate their effectiveness. Some of the nefarious behaviors included IPv6 spoofing, using IPv6 in IPv4 tunneling to bypass, and DDoS using IPv6 packets. This IPv6 security training was first delivered at Cisco Live USA 2012, where 19 students participated in the class. At Cisco Live London, we welcomed 21 Cisco Customers, giving them access to our lab-hosted equipment to practice and complete tasks covered during class. What follows are some key observations about our training in London as compared to our training in the U.S.: Read More »
In a previous blog, I discussed questions you should ask before peering with your SP and possible configuration options. Since the Internet edge is where this peering occurs, it should also be the first point where you start to apply your organization’s security policies. Security is a critical part of IPv6 integration because IPv6 opens up another transport path into your network.
With the proliferation of IPv6, its adoption and deployment, there are new security concerns that apply only to IPv6. Some of these security concerns rely on protocol differences between IPv4 and IPv6 and others exploit the diversification that the two technologies offer. The result could allow malicious users the ability to deploy attacks or evade network threat defense, countermeasures, and controls.
Join us, this Monday (June 11, 2012) afternoon, at Cisco Live, San Diego 4-hour lab session LTRSEC-3033 -- Cyber Aikidō (合気道) Academy: IPv6 Network Threat Defense, Countermeasures, and Controls, to become more knowledgeable about basic inherent IPv6 security features and techniques on Cisco IOS Software and the Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA). The students will acquire hands-on experience by configuring and testing these security features and techniques in simulated real world scenarios. The threats and protections that are presented apply to Local Area, Enterprise, and Service Provider networks. Students must correctly identify, classify, and deter or prevent the nefarious IPv6-specific behaviors by configuring network threat defense, countermeasures, and controls that will be implemented and deployed on infrastructure devices and validate their effectiveness.
At the conclusion of these labs, students will be more prepared to effectively implement and deploy basic inherent security features and techniques for identifying, classifying, deterring, and detecting attacks, threats, and nefarious behaviors specific to IPv6.
There are a growing number of large-scale IPv6 deployments occurring within enterprise, university, and government networks. For these networks to succeed, it is important that the IPv6 deployments are secure and the quality of service (QoS) must rival the existing IPv4 infrastructure. An important security aspect to consider is the local links (Layer 2). Traditional Layer 2 security differs between IPv4 and IPv6 because instead of using ARP—like IPv4—IPv6 moves the traditional Layer 2 operations to Layer 3 using various ICMP messages
IPv6 introduces a new set of technology link operations paradigms that differ significantly from IPv4. The changes include more end nodes that are permitted on the link (up to 2^64) and increased neighbor cache size on end nodes and the default router, which creates more opportunities for denial of service (DoS) attacks. There are also additional threats to consider in IPv6 including threats with the protocols in use, a couple of which are listed below:
- Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) integrates all link operations that determine address assignment, router discovery, and associated tasks.
- Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) can have a lesser role in address assignment compared to IPv4.
Finally, non-centralized address assignment in IPv6 can create challenges for controlling address misuse by malicious hosts.
For more information on FHS concerns. read the new IPv6 FHS whitepaper.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is part of IETF’s Internet Protocol Suite that consists of four abstraction layers and defines a set of protocols used on the Internet. SNMP is mainly used for management and monitoring of networked devices. It can inform about the health of a network device or other reflections of its state (interfaces, IP addresses, traffic and more). SNMP is defined as part of IETF RFC 1157. For its function, it leverages Management Information Bases (MIBs), which define the structure of device information maintained. They represent a hierarchical namespace containing object identifiers (OIDs). Each OID identifies an object that holds the information of interest and can be polled or set via SNMP.