5G promises revolutionary new consumer experiences and lucrative new business-to-business (B2B) services that were never possible before: wireless SD-WANs, private 5G networks, new edge computing cases, and many others. Actually delivering these groundbreaking services, however, will require much more than just new 5G radio technology at cell sites. It will take very different capabilities, and a different kind of network, then most service providers have in place today.
Ultimately, you need a “service-centric” network—one that provides the flexibility and control to build differentiated services, rapidly deliver them to customers, and manage them end-to-end—across both wireless and wireline domains. What does a service-centric network look like? And what’s the best way to get there from where you are today? Let’s take a closer look.
Building a Service-Centric Network
Viewing the media coverage around 5G, you might think the revolution begins and ends with updating the radio access network (RAN). But that’s just one piece of the puzzle. Next-generation services will take advantage of the improved bandwidth and density of 5G technology, but it’s not new radios, or even 5G packet cores, that make them possible. Rather, they’re enabled by the ability to create custom virtual networks tuned to the needs of the services running across them. That’s what a service-centric network is all about.
When you can tailor traffic handling end-to-end on a per-flow basis, you can deliver all manner of differentiated services over the same infrastructure. And, when you have the end-to-end automation that service-centric networks imply, you can do it much more efficiently. Those capabilities go much deeper than the radios at your cell sites. Sure, adding 5G radios will improve last-mile speeds for your customers. But if you’re not evolving your end-to-end infrastructure towards service-centric principles, you won’t be able to deliver net-new services—or tap new B2B revenue streams.
Today, Cisco is helping operators of all sizes navigate this journey. We’re providing essential 5G technologies to help service providers like T-Mobile transform their networks and services. (In fact, Cisco is providing the foundational technology for T-Mobile’s non-standalone and standalone 5G architecture strategy.) At the same time, we’re building on our legacy as the leader in IP networking to unlock new transport, traffic handling, and automation capabilities. At the highest level, this evolution entails:
1. Implementing next-generation IP-based traffic handling
2. Extending IP all the way to endpoints
3. Laying the foundation for end-to-end automation
Optimizing Traffic Management
As the first step in building a service-centric network, you should be looking to further the migration of all network connections to IP and, eventually, IPv6. This is critical because IP networks, combined with technologies such as MPLS, enable multi-service networks with differentiated traffic policies. Without advanced traffic management, you can’t provision, monitor, and assure next-generation services under service-level agreements (SLAs), which means you can’t tap into lucrative consumer and business service revenue opportunities.
Today, most operators manage traffic via MPLS. Although MPLS has been highly effective at enabling traffic differentiation, it has complexity issues that can impede the scale and automation of tomorrow’s networks. Fortunately, there’s another option: segment routing. Segment routing offers a much simpler way to control traffic handling and policy on IP networks. And, by allowing you to programmatically define the paths individual services take through the network, it enables much more efficient transport.
Many operators have deployed segment routing and are evolving their networks today. You can start now even in “brownfield” environments. Cisco is helping operators implement SR-MPLS in a way that coexists with current architectures, and even interoperates with standards-based legacy solutions from other vendors. Once that foundation is in place, it becomes much easier to migrate to full IPv6-based segment routing (SRv6) in the future. (To see what this evolution looks like in practice, see how Cisco helped SoftBank deploy segment routing in preparation for 5G.)
As you are implementing segment routing, you should go one step further and extend these new service differentiation capabilities as close to the customer as possible. This is a natural progression of what operators have been doing for years: shifting almost all traffic to IP to deliver it more effectively.
Using segment routing in your backhaul rather than Layer-2 forwarding allows you to use uniform traffic management everywhere. Otherwise, you would have to do a policy translation every time a service touches the network. Now, everything uses segment routing end to end, instead of requiring different management approaches for different domains. You can uniformly differentiate traffic based on needs, applications, even security, and directly implement customer SLAs into network policy. All of a sudden, the effort required to manage services and integrate the RAN with the MPLS core is much simpler.
The other big benefit of moving away from Layer-2 forwarding: a huge RAN capacity boost. Layer-2 architectures must be loop-free, which means half the paths coming off a radio node—half your potential capacity—are always blocked. With segment routing, you can use all paths and immediately double your RAN bandwidth.
As you progress in building out your service-centric network, you’re going to be delivering many more services. And you’ll need to manage more diverse traffic flows with improved scale, speed, and efficiency. You can’t do that if you’re still relying on slow, error-prone manual processes to manage and assure services. You’ll need to automate.
Cisco is helping service providers of all sizes lay the foundation for end-to-end automation in existing multivendor networks. That doesn’t have to mean a massive technology overhaul either, with a massive price tag to go with it. You can take pragmatic steps towards automation that deliver immediate benefits while laying the groundwork for much simpler, faster, more cost-effective models in the future.
Get the Value You Expect from 5G Investments
The story around 5G isn’t fiction. This really is a profound industry change. It really will transform the services and revenue models you can bring to the market. But some things are just as true as they always were: You don’t generate revenues from new radio capabilities, you generate them from the services you can deliver across IP transport.
What’s new is your ability to use next-generation traffic handling to create services that are truly differentiated. That’s what the world’s largest service providers are building right now, and it’s where the rest of the industry needs to go if they want to compete and thrive.
Let Cisco help you build a service-centric network to capitalize on the 5G revolution and radically improve the efficiency, scalability, and total cost of ownership of your network. To learn more, contact your Cisco partner or account team today, and visit our 5G Transport portfolio on Cisco.com.