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My first project at Cisco was a wireless site survey at a large hospital complex. The hospital wanted a new 802.11n network with CleanAir APs and the ability to track hospital equipment, make Vo-Fi calls and provide guest access for devices like the iPad.  The scope was to survey an estimated 3 million square feet of the facility, which wasn’t even all of the buildings! My retail background consisted of either stores or distribution centers, mostly with fairly large square footage, so my first thought was this shouldn’t take long. What is 3 million square feet, when an average distribution center was 1.5 million square feet?

What didn’t occur to me initially, but did very shortly after looking at a floor plan, is the huge difference in the purpose of the buildings. For starters there are a lot of rooms in a hospital, where as in retail there is primarily just large open spaces. Having to walk in and out of room after room, really adds a lot of time to a survey. Additionally many of the rooms have been re-purposed over time to meet the changing needs of the hospital. For example, rooms now used as administrative or doctor offices were at one time used as isolation rooms for patients, or various other uses that make RF propagation less than ideal. Another challenge was restricted pharmaceutical areas where badge and key access is tightly controlled. This doesn’t necessary pose a challenge in terms of providing coverage, but it does when you are walking your survey and you suddenly find yourself locked out of a room!

After many trips to the hospital and countless number of hours roaming hallways and going in and out of room, I have found that a few things have become almost second nature when I am getting things prepped or planning for a return trip. Below I have a few things that might help WLAN Engineers when planning for their next survey project. While none of these are directly related to the finer technical points of a survey, like configuring your survey APs power level importing floor plans into tools like Air Magnet, they will make life much less frustrating!

Make sure you have access to every single room you may need to get into

It’s a real bummer when you are really humming along in your survey only to be interrupted by a locked door that you can’t get into. Make sure you get a set of master keys or full badge access. If this isn’t possible, try to make arrangements with the customer for someone to escort you around that does have access. The only thing worse than a locked door, is badge access that is only good for normal business hours when you are surveying at night!

Good, accurate and updated floor plan drawings are a must

Some of the things I ran into that made life difficult were sub-par drawings of the floor I was working on. In some cases the drawings didn’t have doors or had green wall lines. If your heat map shows up green as good, then it’s a little hard to see the walls if they are the same color.  Also helpful is using an actual CAD drawing since JPEGs just don’t cut it when you need to zoom in and move around, as they tend to distort.

Scale your floor plan accurately

If your drawing isn’t to scale then your propagation assessment will be way off, leading to inaccurate data. Keep in mind being off a few inches or centimeters can become several feet if not properly scaled. In large buildings using doors to scale the floor isn’t a good idea, because of how small they are in relation to everything else. One of the tools I found really slick in finding distance is a range finder. These can be relatively inexpensive, but if you don’t have one of these, you can count ceiling tiles. The average ceiling tile square is typically 2x2 feet.

Pack extra batteries for APs and computers

It’s extremely frustrating when your AP or survey computer shuts off because the battery runs out of juice in the middle of your survey. Charge your gear during breaks and keep a second fully charged battery with you to keep your day from ending prematurely.

Invest in the right equipment

Unless you have the arm strength of Arnold Schwarzenegger, odds are you going to want to have something light and easy to carry around. In the past I have used carts to set my laptop on,  but smaller spaces aren’t always accommodating to this setup.  I suggest a tablet with plenty of CPU power, or I have heard Macbook Airs work well via Twitter. Pay attention to the available connectors, many newer tablets and computers don’t have a PCMCIA slot these days and instead use an express card slot. keep in mind the Cisco CB21, assuming that is what you are using, doesn’t fit into the express card slot.  This means obtaining an adapter, which usually just gets in the way, and pops out at inconvenient times.

This is just my short quick list of things to keep in mind.  Please feel free to add things you have on your list in the comments field!

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14 Comments.


  1. Nice post Travis, You make some good points, especially about having access to all areas as there is nothing worse than having to stop in your tracks when in full flow… Also your point about good floor plans is spot on, I always try to say to customers that the better the floor plans the better the output, especially when using AirMagnet. Having a decent survey kit is half the battle as I have found over the years… I’ve blogged my latest kit http://www.markjulier.com/?p=177 Look forward to your next post!

       1 like

    • Travis Schlafke
      Travis Schlafke

      Thanks Mark, it’s always great to get feedback from others out in the industry! I’ve added your blog to my Google reader and look forward to your future post as well.

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  2. Great advice Travis! Thanks for sharing what works for you. I’m glad to also hear that your new role is providing some variation from your last role (which sounds really boring BTW, good thing you found something different).

    Cheers,
    Andrew

       0 likes

    • Travis Schlafke
      Travis Schlafke

      Thanks Andy. Feel free to pass this along to the team, I’m sure it will be helpful for any upcoming projects.

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  3. Travis you have written points close to the reality. I agree its a hassle to survey a lot of rooms and when you find restricted entry into one of those rooms this really effects the flow of work moreover i liked the idea of having a backup battery for the laptop, it helps if we are in the middle of work and have to complete the assignment within a specific time deadline.

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  4. nice,thx

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  5. You can do site surveys and heat map with an Android phone or tablet now. Wolf WiFi Pro on the market. Beats pushing a cart around or carrying a heavy laptop for hours.

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    • Travis Schlafke
      Travis Schlafke

      Nice, added it to my list of things to look at. What Android tablet have you run it on before?

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      • Xoom is the only thing I have tried it on. It’s nice to have something so light and seriously get 8+ hours of constant use out of the thing without charging. It’s not bad on a phone either if you have one with the larger screens such as a Droid X or X2.

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  6. Good points Travis. I work in a hospital and your are right it is so much different than retail stores. You also have to consider rooms that has lead walls and also knowing other medical equipments that use wireless that might also have their own wireless network. In older hospitals, the walls are brick walls even the rooms, I know because we have two old buildings like this.

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  7. Very useful tips,that’s good information for me, keep to shar us, thanks.Good, accurate and updated floor plan drawings are a must,it’s truth.

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  8. It was really helpful …. THANKS TRAVIS
    we will wait for next !!!!

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  9. nice, thanks…

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  10. Hmm, some things I have never thought of. Example: Before 6 week I traveled about 110 miles to make a survey with my 2 partners and when we got there 1 key was missing. Well the only person who got it was on vecation!!! So we had to travel again all way back again after they found key. We never thought that a key would be missing. So organizing your work is very important and of course … more FUN!

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