In my last blog on 5 GHz spectrum, I discussed the recent FCC ruling that permitted outdoor access points to use the U-NII 1 band (5150-5250 MHz).
But the story doesn’t stop there. As mentioned last time, there are significant technical challenges to using the 5 GHz band. It is not cleared spectrum. It contains incumbent uses that are important for national security and public safety. Therefore, it is imperative that Wi-Fi not create harmful interference to these incumbent systems. Cisco will not settle for less.
On the topic of interference, a particularly interesting component of the same FCC ruling that opened the U-NII1 band for outdoor AP’s is that it also re-opened the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) band (channels 120, 124, 128) with new test requirements for DFS protection. Hold on, let’s backtrack a bit before diving into what this means:
What is TDWR?
In brief, Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) “is a Doppler weather radar system used primarily for the detection of hazardous wind shear conditions, precipitation, and winds aloft on and near major airports situated in climates with great exposure to thunderstorms in the United States.” TDWR uses the frequency band from 5600-5650 MHz which is why wireless network equipment needs to be proven to “do no harm” to TDWR. If you’re curious for more information on TDWR, then please click here and/or here.
A Brief History
Many of you reading this will recall that the FCC closed the use of the TDWR band several years ago as the result of numerous reports of wireless equipment creating interference with TDWR. Read More »
Tags: 802.11, 802.11ac, access point, AP, band, bandwidth, capacity, certification, channel, co-channel, device, DFS, DFS protection, doppler, emission, emissions, equipment, FCC, Firmware, GHz, gigabit, HD, high density, interference, Mhz, operation, procedure, radar, radio, requirement, ruling, spectrum, tdwr, test, weather, wi-fi, wifi, wireless
As a Product Manager there is some anxiety but more of an excitement around introducing a platform to the market. Today I am proud to be part of Cisco team that is bringing to market the Cisco Aironet 2700 Series Access Point. What it offers is a tremendous amount of power at a very attractive price point.
We all know Wi-Fi is here to stay and is expanding all around us rapidly. That need for speed is exciting. But what does that mean? Not everyone feels comfortable being on the cutting edge. Many of our customers are not as concerned about chasing the future and have more limited budgets that they hesitate to put down for the best AP knowing there are lower priced options. At the same time, everyone is aware technology moves ahead with or without you, so they don’t want to give up lot of the new capabilities by going totally to the other extreme of not upgrading at all. What they want is something that’s going to last for a while that gives them the advantages available today, but not have to invest a lot to get it. I equate this to buying something like a car. A year ago when I was in the market to buy a new car I didn’t want to sacrifice whole lot of options but if there was one or two options that I could give up in order to save a bit of money, I was okay with that.
This is similar to what Cisco is offering with Aironet 2700 Series. Customers have to choose something that they can utilize in their network that is better than any of the competitive solutions out there, truly built-for-purpose, sleek design on the outside yet tough on the inside and very powerful. Read More »
Tags: 11ac, 11n, 2.4 GHz, 2700, 802.11, 802.11ac, 802.11n, access point, aggregate throughput, AP, application, ASIC, built-for-purpose, chipset, Cisco, client, ClientLink, collision, data rate, GHz, HDX, infrastructure, latency, maximum, mbps, memory, memory contention, network, network processor, offboard, onboard, Packet, packet processing, performance, purpose-built, radio, RAM, rf, scale, silicon, smartphone, tech, technology, throughput, wi-fi, wifi, wireless
As more and more 802.11ac devices come to the market this year, businesses need to make sure the best possible 802.11ac wireless infrastructure gets deployed to make sure those 802.11ac end points are performing at both the best possible data rates and application throughputs to maximize the move to 802.11ac.
Cisco’s Aironet 3700 with HDX Technology does just that. If you’re thinking that the 3700 is just another 802.11ac AP, think again: not all 802.11ac AP’s are created equal.
To demonstrate this, let’s take a Cisco 3700 access point..
When you open a Cisco AP, you will see dedicated memory (RAM) on the radio chipset itself (one on the 2.4 GHz radio, another on the 5 Ghz radio) to ensure the RF packets get processed “onboard” each radio instead of “offboard” in order to reduce latency and any packet processing collision from memory contention on the AP. Additional packet processing can be handled on the “offboard” memory that is part of the network processor portion of the AP platform as well. This unique, innovative ASIC-based Wi-Fi chipset by Cisco exemplifies the built-for-Purpose design, and is the hallmark of Cisco’s 3700 Series AP.
Contrast this with the competitive landscape that claims to be Purpose-Built, but in reality is leveraging off-the-shelf merchant silicon-based 802.11ac WiFi chipsets. Read More »
Tags: 11ac, 11n, 2.4 GHz, 802.11, 802.11ac, 802.11n, access point, aggregate throughput, AP, application, ASIC, built-for-purpose, chipset, Cisco, client, ClientLink, collision, data rate, GHz, HDX, infrastructure, latency, maximum, mbps, memory, memory contention, network, network processor, offboard, onboard, Packet, packet processing, performance, purpose-built, radio, RAM, rf, scale, silicon, smartphone, tech, technology, throughput, wi-fi, wifi, wireless
Editor’s Note: This is the second of a four-part deep dive series into High Density Experience (HDX), Cisco’s latest solution suite designed for high density environments and next-generation wireless technologies. For more on Cisco HDX, visit www.cisco.com/go/80211ac. Read part 1 here.
With any new technology comes a new set of obstacles to overcome. 802.11ac is no exception. Last week we talked about CleanAir for 802.11ac and why spectrum intelligence still matters. Another challenge is scalability. In this post I will give you some details on new HDX feature, Turbo Performance, which allows the AP 3700 overcome common scaling issues to scale amazingly well.
What’s Different with 802.11ac?
802.11ac means higher data rates, which means more packets per second (PPS). There are three reasons for more PPS with 11ac: wider channels, increased modulation and increased aggregation. Channel width doubled to 80 MHz, modulation increased from 64 QAM to 256 QAM, and aggregation increased from 64k to 1MB!
With 802.11n, an AP might have had to push 30,000 1500 byte packets per second through the APs data plane. Today with 802.11ac that could now be 75,000+ PPS. More PPS means more load on the APs CPU, so to really keep up with the demands of 802.11ac, we needed to go back to the drawing board. Read More »
Tags: 802.11ac, access point, aggregation scheduler, antenna, AP, byte, Cisco, cpu, data plane, Enterprise, HD, HDX, high density, increased aggregation, modulation, multi-client, network, networking, packet scheduler, packets per second, performance, pps, qam, radio, scale, technology, wi-fi, wifi, wireless
By Kayvon Siadat, Guest Columnist
The addition of online streaming content has helped KSCU 103.3, Santa Clara University’s non-profit, volunteer run radio station, tremendously. Before the radio station had this technology our listenership was limited to however far our radio signal would go, which is, give or take 30 miles in any direction.
Now with advances in technology we are able to deliver our content to anyone in the world at any time. Currently, a big portion of our listeners use our online audio stream (computer, smart phone, etc.) and because of that we are able to bring local content to a much bigger scale now.
Read More »
Tags: KSCU, online streaming, radio, service adoption, vni, VNI-SA