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The Yang of Open Standards, the Yin of Open Source

Every time I think about the relationship between Open Standards and Open Source I am reminded of a fascinating talk by Paul Saltman, a biochemist from Caltech, invited to speak to a Chinese forum years ago, about national food policy for China, later published in Caltech’s Engineering & Science, titled The Yang of Nutrition…The Yin of Food.

I am not a nutritionist, or biochemist, or expert on food – though in more than one occasion I’ve been known to venture in the art – but I do know a little about open standards and open source – let’s just say enough to be sentient of the wholeness and synergy in which these opposites attract and coexist, perhaps not unlike The Cathedral and the Bazaar.

By the very nature of our industry, open standards are not just important, they are indispensable, the foundation upon which every internetworking protocol is based, the pre-requisite of interoperability, so naturally we take open standards seriously, the yang side, as it were.  But what is often overlooked, just as the case with the yin of food in Saltman’s parallel, is the yin of open source, some of which is in fact the implementation, the other side, or yin as it were, of these open standards and more, with things like jabber or tigerstripe just to name a few.  We’d like to tell you more about what we’re doing with these and other open projects, soon to be covered in this blog.

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Energy Optimization for Manufacturing

Last week at the ODVA Annual Conference–as part of ODVA’s announcement of a new energy initiative and white paper–Cisco’s Bryce Barnes roused a packed-house audience representing ODVA’s ~200 industrial and automation suppliers with a compelling speech on the immediate need for Optimization of Energy Usage (OEU™) in the Production domain. Energy consumption statistics for the industrial sector are staggering, most estimates suggesting half of the world’s total delivered energy, and that amount is projected to increase by 40% over the next 25 years.  For Manufacturers, energy typically constitutes the first or second highest portion of product variable costs, and most manufacturing companies now report as part of their governance a sustainability strategy that is core to their overall business strategy.  Furthermore, volatility of energy markets–closely linked to the stability of governments, international relations and policies–raises the risk profile for continuity of supply, production and satisfaction of customers.  Optimizing energy consumption, minimizing energy costs and mitigating energy risks are clearly top of mind business imperatives for the Manufacturing CEO.

Mark Wylie discusses the importance of energy optimization to sustainable manufacturing operations.  Check out Mark’s December blog on factory energy management.

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Cisco VNI Mobile Data Traffic Forecast, 2010 – 2015

Here’s a news flash – mobile data traffic is growing rapidly.

. . . Oh, you knew that already?

Well, bet you didn’t know HOW fast it’s growing.  

Really fast, actually.  Specifically, global mobile data traffic grew 4.2 times faster than global fixed broadband data traffic in 2010 according to. Cisco’s Visual Networking Index Mobile Data Traffic Forecast covering the period 2010 – 2015. 

A year ago, the Cisco VNI Mobile Data Traffic study predicted that global mobile data traffic would reach 3.6 exabytes by 2014 . . . and we thought that was fast.

Findings from the recently updated Cisco Mobile VNI include:

  • The annual global mobile data traffic will reach 6.3 exabytes per month, or an annual run rate of 75 exabytes, by 2015. That amount is the equivalent of 19 billion DVDs or 536 quadrillion SMS text messages or 75 times the amount of global Internet Protocol traffic (fixed and mobile) generated in the year 2000.
  • Global mobile data traffic increased 159 percent from calendar year 2009 to calendar year 2010 to 237 petabytes per month, or the equivalent of 60 million DVDs.
  • Global mobile data traffic grew 4.2 times as fast as global fixed broadband data traffic in 2010.
  • Global mobile data traffic in 2010 was three times the size of all global Internet traffic (fixed and mobile) in the year 2000.
  • According to the updated forecast, the Middle East and Africa will have the highest regional mobile data traffic growth rates, with a compound annual growth rate of 129 percent (63-fold growth) over the period. Latin America anticipates a 111 percent CAGR (42-fold growth), followed by Central and Eastern Europe, with a 102 percent CAGR (34-fold growth), and Asia-Pacific, with a 101 percent CAGR (33-fold growth). Western Europe is forecast to experience a 91 percent CAGR (25-fold growth); North America, an 83 percent CAGR (20-fold growth); and Japan, a 70 percent CAGR (14-fold growth).
  • India has the highest national mobile data traffic growth rate, with a CAGR of 158 percent (115-fold growth) for the forecast period, followed by South Africa, with a 144 percent CAGR (87-fold growth), and Mexico, with a 131 percent CAGR (66-fold growth). Comparatively, the United Kingdom will see an 84 percent CAGR (21-fold growth), and the U.S. an 83 percent CAGR (21-fold growth), according to the updated forecast.
  • In spite of the slow economic recovery in many regions, the demand for mobile services has remained constant, overall, and strong traffic growth continues globally.

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More Momentum for the Cisco CRS

Cisco’s market-leading core-routing platform – the Carrier Routing System (CRS) – continues on a roll.

In just the last week, two key operators – Hong Kong Broadband Network (HKBN) and du, the UAE’s integrated telecom service provider – announced CRS implementations.

HKBN has committed to the Cisco CRS-3 as the foundation for its core IP next-generation network to cope with surging bandwidth demand and to extend its network coverage.

According to the Cisco Visual Networking Index, annual global IP traffic will exceed three-quarters of a zettabyte by 2014. Internet utilization by various forms of video such as TV, video on demand, Internet video, etc., is increasing and is expected to exceed 91 percent of global consumer traffic by 2014. HKBN realized the need for a core router with strong investment protection to support its high-quality voice, video and Internet services. HKBN believes the Cisco CRS-3’s industry-leading scale, operating efficiency and superior service features will help maintain its “Speed Guarantee” to customers, whereby 80-percent steady speed is ensured, despite the escalating Internet demands of businesses and consumers. 

Over in the United Arab Emirates, du announced that it has converged its fixed and mobile IP transport networks using the CRS. This enables fixed-mobile convergence on du’s network to meet the demand for high-end broadband services and makes the company unique in its ability to rapidly deploy new high-bandwidth mobile applications and data packages.

This is one of the first regional fixed-mobile convergence projects in which the fixed and mobile services all run on the same IP network – with mobile (signaling and bearer), mobile data, residential Internet, business Internet, residential voice, enterprise voice, international voice, Layer 2 VPNs, Layer 3 VPNs and video running on a single IP/MPLS core powered by Cisco. By consolidating cores, du can offer its customers in the UAE a more scalable platform to deliver future services at higher quality.

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World IPv6 Day: Working Together Towards a New Internet Protocol

We’re pleased to announce that Cisco is joining The Internet Society for World IPv6 Day, a 24-hour global “test drive” of IPv6 on June 8, 2011.

For over 25 years, Cisco has been central to the development of the Internet Protocol (IP) that has helped fuel the incredible growth in global connectivity the world enjoys today. Very soon, the free pool of IPv4 addresses will finally run dry, and IPv6 is the only long-term solution the industry has available to continue growth in the manner that the world has come to expect.

Cisco has been involved in developing standards and products for IPv6 since its inception more than a decade ago. While we have helped a number of customers deploy IPv6 on networks large and small, stitching this together ubiquitously and seamlessly among not just the networks themselves but the software and applications running on top has been challenging.

On June 8, the industry is coming together to deploy and test IPv6 in what we believe will be an unprecedented manner in terms of participation and scale. On this day, major web companies, Internet Service Providers, enterprises, and equipment vendors will work together to “switch on” IPv6 for 24 hours. The switch that will be thrown is one within the global Domain Name System, or DNS, which translates a name such as into an IP address. Today, while a number of large websites have IPv6 connectivity, in order to reach many of them over IPv6 the user must use a special DNS name. For example, even if you have an IPv6-enabled device connected to an IPv6-enabled network, you must type in your web browser in order to receive an IPv6 destination address to connect to. Read More »

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