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Hadoop in the Enterprise Data Center

A little over a month ago we had a chance to present as session in conjunction with Eric Sammer of Cloudera on Designing Hadoop for the Enterprise Data Center and findings at Strata + Hadoop World 2012 .

Taking a look back, we started this initiative back in early 2011 as the demand for Hadoop was on the rise and we began to notice a lot of confusion from our customers on what Hadoop would mean to their Data Center Infrastructure. This lead us to our first presentation at Hadoop World 2011 where we shared an extensive testing effort with the goal of characterizing what happens when you run a Hadoop Map/Reduce job. Further, we illustrated how different network and compute considerations would change these characteristics. As Hadoop deployment gained tracking in enterprise, we found a need of developing network reference architecture for Hadoop. This lead us to another round of testing concluded earlier this year and presented at Hadoop Summit, which examined what happened when looking at design considerations such as architectures, availability, capacity, scale and management.

Finally this brings us to last month and our presentation at Strata + Hadoop World 2012. We met with Cloudera in the months leading up to the event and discussed what we could share to the Hadoop community. We discussed all the previous rounds of testing and came to the conclusion that along with a combination of customer experiences and another round of testing that examined Multi-tenant environments we could put together a talk that really addressed the fundamental design considerations of Hadoop in the Enterprise Data Center.

Designing Hadoop for the Enterprise Data Center from Cisco Data Center

We went into depth to examine the network traffic considerations with Hadoop in the Data Center to
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Big Data – Hadoop from an Infrastructure Perspective

It’s amazing how some concepts take off like gangbusters in a short duration of time. Big Data is one such concept, that creeps into our conversations because of all the market noise. There is definitely merit to the fundamental premise behind Big Data for most businesses; create better end-user experience, make intelligent business decisions, reduce intellectual waste and monetize on new opportunities or opportunities that did not present itself before. Thus the demand for Data Scientists, application developers, statisticians, mathematicians, etc. -- note these are mostly on the development and analytic side of the house. What’s amazing is large databases have been there for the longest time, in many cases, even the data that are targets now for Big Data applications were also available for the longest time. What has evolved rapidly are the applications tools that facilitate optimized manipulation of massive data sets and flexible interfaces to diverse databases -- example Hadoop.

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Introducing Cisco UCS Common Platform Architecture (CPA) for Big Data

Updated: 10/01/2013

You may have heard that the digital universe is in petabytes, global IP traffic is in 100s of exabytes. These are mind bogglingly large metrics. Big data analytics can play a crucial role in making datasets in this space usable – by improving operational efficiency to customer experience to prediction accuracy. While Cisco is the global leader in networking -- Did you know that 85% of estimated 500 exabyte global IP traffic in 2012 will pass through Cisco devices ? – the company also builds an innovative family of unified computing products. This enables the company to provide a complete infrastructure solution including compute, storage, connectivity and unified management for big data applications that reduce complexity, improves agility, and radically improves cost of ownership.

To meet a variety of big data platform demands (Hadoop, NoSQL Databases, Massively Parallel Processing Databases etc), Cisco offers a comprehensive solution stack: the Cisco UCS Common Platform Architecture (CPA) for Big Data includes compute, storage, connectivity and unified management. Unique to this architecture is the seamless data integration and management integration capabilities with enterprise application ecosystem including Oracle RDBMS/RAC, Microsoft SQL Server, SAP and others. See Figure 1.

Figure 1:
UCS CPA

The Cisco UCS CPA for Big Data is built using the following components:

  • Cisco UCS 6200 Series Fabric Interconnects provides high speed, low latency connectivity for servers and centralized management for all connected devices with UCS Manager. Deployed in redundant pairs offers the full redundancy, performance (active-active), and exceptional scalability for large number of nodes typical in big data clusters. UCS Manger enables rapid and consistent server integration using service profile, ongoing system maintenance activities such as firmware update operations across the entire cluster as a single operation, advanced monitoring, and option to raise alarms and send notifications about the health of the entire cluster.
  • Cisco UCS 2200 Series Fabric Extenders, act as remote line cards for Fabric Interconnects providing a highly scalable and extremely cost-effective connectivity for large number of nodes.
  • Cisco UCS C240 M3 Rack-Mount Servers, 2-RU server designed for wide range of compute, IO and storage capacity demands. Powered by two Intel Xeon E5-2600 series processors and support up to 768 GB of main memory (typically 128GB or 256GB for big data applications) and up to 24 SFF disk drives in the performance optimized option or 12 LFF disk drives in the capacity optimized option. Also features Cisco UCS VNIC optimized for high bandwidth and low latency cluster connectivity with support for up to 256 virtual devices.
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Manage Hadoop Jobs from iPhone? Yes with Cisco Enterprise Scheduler!

Last night we uploaded version 6.1 of Cisco’s Tidal Enterprise Scheduler. I’m pretty excited to introduce the new functionality of this tool and there’s a lot. Particularly with Hadoop support and Amazon EC and S3 support as well. If you are unfamiliar with TES, the datasheet is here.

But when talking about big data, I thought, I’d start small. Like iPhone small. Existing Scheduler customers and the curious, can download the free Apple iPhone app to control jobs. Here’s the AppStore description and link

Cisco Enterprise Scheduler is the premiere job scheduling and process automation software that provides a single point of control and monitoring for business operations. Enterprise Scheduler for iOS now allows Scheduler administrators and users to monitor and control their operations directly on their mobile devices. Enterprise Scheduler for iOS was designed for the mobile user experience, but retains core features of the Enterprise Scheduler web client that users are familiar with including:

* Monitor and view jobs, connections, events, schedules, queues, logs and alerts.
* Control all aspects of jobs, including holding, rerunning, canceling, and overriding jobs.
* Powerful search and filtering for all Scheduler objects.

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Cisco at Hadoop Summit

Last week we participated in the annual Hadoop Summit held in San Jose, CA. When we first met with Hortonworks about the Summit many months back they mentioned this year’s Hadoop Summit would be promoting Reference Architectures from many companies in the Hadoop Ecosystem. This was great to hear as we had previously presented results from a large round of testing on Network and Compute Considerations for Hadoop at Hadoop World 2011 last November and we were looking to do a second round of testing to take our original findings and test/develop a set of best practices around them including failure and connectivity options. Further the set of validation demystifies the one key Enterprise ask “Can we use the same architecture/component for Hadoop deployments?”.   Since a lot of the value of Hadoop is seen once it is integrated into current enterprise data models the goal of the testing was to not only define a reference architecture, but to define a set of best practices so Hadoop can be integrated into current enterprise architectures.

Below are the results of this new testing effort presented at Hadoop Summit, 2012. Thanks to Hortonworks for their collaboration throughout the testing.