In my last blog on 5 GHz spectrum, I discussed the recent FCC ruling that permitted outdoor access points to use the U-NII 1 band (5150-5250 MHz).
But the story doesn’t stop there. As mentioned last time, there are significant technical challenges to using the 5 GHz band. It is not cleared spectrum. It contains incumbent uses that are important for national security and public safety. Therefore, it is imperative that Wi-Fi not create harmful interference to these incumbent systems. Cisco will not settle for less.
On the topic of interference, a particularly interesting component of the same FCC ruling that opened the U-NII1 band for outdoor AP’s is that it also re-opened the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) band (channels 120, 124, 128) with new test requirements for DFS protection. Hold on, let’s backtrack a bit before diving into what this means:
What is TDWR?
In brief, Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) “is a Doppler weather radar system used primarily for the detection of hazardous wind shear conditions, precipitation, and winds aloft on and near major airports situated in climates with great exposure to thunderstorms in the United States.” TDWR uses the frequency band from 5600-5650 MHz which is why wireless network equipment needs to be proven to “do no harm” to TDWR. If you’re curious for more information on TDWR, then please click here and/or here.
A Brief History
Many of you reading this will recall that the FCC closed the use of the TDWR band several years ago as the result of numerous reports of wireless equipment creating interference with TDWR. Read More »
Tags: 802.11, 802.11ac, access point, AP, band, bandwidth, capacity, certification, channel, co-channel, device, DFS, DFS protection, doppler, emission, emissions, equipment, FCC, Firmware, GHz, gigabit, HD, high density, interference, Mhz, operation, procedure, radar, radio, requirement, ruling, spectrum, tdwr, test, weather, wi-fi, wifi, wireless
Northern Kentucky University is among the fastest growing universities in Kentucky. It hosts over 15,000 students with about 13,000 undergraduate and 2,000 graduate students. The goal of the wireless program at NKU is to provide secure, robust and ubiquitous wireless access throughout the campus, both indoors and outdoors. This ensures that students always stay connected and feel at home. The classrooms are equipped with smart technology to ensure that the teachers can benefit from technology when collaborating with students. The IT team has blanketed the libraries, the classrooms, the dorm-rooms as well as the outdoor areas with Wi-Fi. In the previous blog in 2012, we described how the Cisco 7.5 release allows networks to recover with no client re-authentication in the rare event of your primarily wireless LAN controller goes down.
At a Glance:
Located in: the Highland Heights Kentucky
Number of students: 15,000 of which about 2000 stay in residence halls
Number of teachers/staff: 2000
# WLAN clients: Approximately 8500 concurrent clients
Access-Point Model and Units: 1200 units of AP models including AP702W, 3502, 3602, 3702, 1550 and a few older Access Points which are being phased out
Controller Model and Units: 2 Pairs of WiSM2 operating in 184.108.40.206
Switch Models: Various models 2960, 3650, 3850, 3750X and 6500
Prime Infrastructure: 1.4.2
Mobility Services Engine: 7.6
Deployment Details: We talked to Christopher Johnson, the Senior Infrastructure Systems Analyst II at Northern Kentucky University to capture some of his thoughts around their choice of this solution and the associated benefits. Read More »
Tags: 11ac, 802.11, 802.11ac, access point, AP, application, AVC, bandwidth, CCIE, client, control, controller, device, gigabit, graduate, kentucky, LAN, mobile, mobility, nku, prime, professor, re-authentication, smart, staff, student, switch, system, teacher, technology, university, video, visibility, wi-fi, wifi, wireless, WiSM2, wlan
For years, many IT organizations have been addressing slow application performance by adding more bandwidth. With broadband speeds available at over 100 Mbps, and the future of Fiber-optic at 1 Gbps, you would think bandwidth would solve all our application problems. However, many organizations are quickly learning that bandwidth on its own is not the answer, especially when it comes to the branch office.
So what is the problem? While connections are getting faster, branch offices still need high reliability. We all know downtime can be very costly. The Aberdeen group estimates that downtime can cost a company, on average, over $160,000 per hour. And, some hours are more costly than others. For example, if your CEO is talking to shareholders during an earnings call and the network goes out – I would imagine that would cost someone their job.
There are several factors to consider on why “throwing bandwidth at the problem” is not enough. First, let’s consider the impact of data center virtualization. Over the past decade, organizations have been consolidating applications to their data centers. While IT has benefitted from cost savings, applications have moved further away from users. This has resulted in a delay in application response times, which is felt strongest by branch users. Read More »
Tags: #IWANWed, applications, bandwidth, Intelligent WAN, IWAN
Food for thought
The other day, I went to the café to grab my lunch and notice something that got me thinking of an IT problem we’re going to see more and more.
I’m not a soccer sport fan but of course I am aware of the 2014 FIFA World Cup™ event that is happening.
Anyways, I saw a guy watching a live stream of the game between Iran and Nigeria on his mobile device and it got me thinking “I wonder how much bandwidth this thing is taking?”
All major sports event like the Superbowl, World Cup, NBA Finals, PGA tour, Olympics, etc. are streaming LIVE games and many people around the globe are watching the World Cup during business hours as its always 9 to 5 somewhere. Read More »
Tags: application experience, AVC, bandwidth, IWAN, mpls, online streaming, optimization, PfR, video, world cup
Everybody’s talking about 802.11ac, but we’ve sensed some confusion for next steps as far as how CIO’s and IT organizations should be approaching the new standard.
Should I move to 802.11ac?
You’re probably thinking: Chris, you’re a leader at Cisco, of course you want me to migrate to 802.11ac. That, my friends, is where you are wrong. There is no simple answer to the question of whether you should move your network to 802.11ac. Here’s my simple rule of thumb:
There is no premium for 802.11ac from Cisco. If you are deploying new Access Points’s today, you should be buying 802.11ac. If you’re not buying, you are probably satisfied with your network and how it will handle the growth of more and more clients associating with your network and the bandwidth demands that come with that client demand. If you feel you have a plan to handle this demand, then you are one of the few that can pass on 802.11ac.
That said, there is a strong ramp up for Cisco 802.11ac products in the market, the AP3700 is the fastest ramping access point in our history and we have yet to see if the AP2700 will claim that crown in the coming months. ABI Research estimates that currently 50% of new device introductions are 802.11ac enabled, a statistic expected to increase to 75% by the end of 2015. This is enough proof of the overwhelming interest in adding the benefits of 11ac to networks. Let’s take a step back and consider the basics of why people are moving to the new standard.
Today, everything is about getting what we want, when we want it. Instant gratification. It’s not just the millennials—we’ve all been conditioned to expect things within seconds. Could you imagine the days pre-Internet if you had the capability for on-demand movies? Read More »
Tags: 11ac, 11n, 802.11, 802.11ac, 802.11n, access point, AP, bandwidth, battery life, CIO, Cisco, client, consumer, dell'oro, deployment, device, education, End User, GHz, gigabit, HD, HDX, high density, IEEE, IT, laptop, macbook, mbps, Mhz, migrate, migration, network, networking, optimization, performance, retail, rf, Scalability, scalable, smartphone, spectral optimization, spectrum, standard, technology, university, visibility, wi-fi, wifi, wireless, wlan