These vulnerabilities were discovered by Piotr Bania of Cisco Talos.
Today, Talos is releasing details of a new vulnerability discovered within the Power Software PowerISO disk imaging software. TALOS-2017-0318 and TALOS-2017-0324 may allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code remotely on the vulnerable system when a specially crafted ISO image is opened and parsed by the PowerISO software.
The vulnerabilities are present in the Power Software PowerISO disk imaging utility, used by Windows users to create, edit, mount and convert various popular disk image file formats. The software is commonly used by home users to mount ISO disk images since this capability is not included by default in Windows versions prior to version 8.
ISO (9660) disk image format is a file system within a single file. Essentially, it is a binary copy of the file system used by the standard software CD-ROM installation disks. Today, most of the installation disks for popular software and operating systems are distributed using the ISO file format.
These vulnerabilities were discovered by Marcin ‘Icewall’ Noga of Talos.
Today, Talos is disclosing several vulnerabilities that have been identified in the AntennaHouse DMC library which is used in various products for web-based document searching and rendering. These vulnerabilities manifest as a failure to correctly parse Microsoft Office documents and could be exploited to achieve arbitrary code execution. These vulnerabilities are being disclosed in coordination with AntennaHouse.
Multiple heap corruption vulnerabilities exist within AntennaHouse DMC HTMLFilter that could be exploited to achieve arbitrary code execution on the targeted machine. These vulnerabilities manifest due to improper handling of Microsoft Office documents, such as Word and PowerPoint files. An adversary that passes a specifically crafted document to the converter could exploit one of these vulnerabilities. Note that the method that an adversary could compromise a vulnerable machine varies as this library is known to be incorporated into other third-party products.
Attackers are always looking for creative ways to send large amount of spam to victims. A short-lived, but widespread Google Drive themed phishing campaign has affected a large number of users across a variety of verticals. This campaign would be bcc’d to a target while being sent to hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh@mailinator[.]com, to make this email appear legitimate the sender would be someone who had the target in their address book.
Mailinator is a “free, public, email system where you can use any inbox you want,” often used for throwaway accounts. In this instance, the Mailinator inbox in question could have been used by the spammer to monitor whether or not the email was successfully sent. The use of Mailinator, however, is not what made this campaign unique.
Talos has discovered an unknown Remote Administration Tool that we believe has been in use for over 3 years. During this time it has managed to avoid scrutiny by the security community. The current version of the malware allows the operator to steal files, keystrokes, perform screenshots, and execute arbitrary code on the infected host. Talos has named this malware KONNI.
Today, Talos is publishing a glimpse into the most prevalent threats we’ve observed between April 21 and April 28. As with previous round-ups, this post isn’t meant to be an in-depth analysis. Instead, this post will summarize the threats we’ve observed by highlighting key behavior characteristics, indicators of compromise, and how our customers are automatically protected from these threats.
As a reminder, the information provided for the following threats in this post is non-exhaustive and current as of date of publication. Detection and coverage for the following threats is subject to updates pending additional threat or vulnerability analysis. For the most current information, please refer to your FireSIGHT Management Center, Snort.org, or ClamAV.net.
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This vulnerability was discovered by Aleksandar Nikolic of Cisco Talos.
Talos has discovered a vulnerability in the Randombit Botan library. A programming error exists in a way Botan library implements x500 string comparisons which could lead to certificate verification issues and abuse. A specially crafted X509 certificate would need to be delivered to the client or server application in order to trigger this vulnerability. A security advisory was published on the Randombit website to inform users the vulnerability is now fixed in versions 2.1.0 and 1.10.16.
These vulnerabilities were discovered by Lilith Wyatt of Cisco ASIG
Zabbix is an enterprise monitoring solution that is designed to give organizations the ability to monitor the health and status of various systems within their networks, including: network services, servers, and networking equipment. Cisco recently discovered multiple vulnerabilities in the Zabbix Server software component that could be leveraged by attackers to write directly to the Zabbix Proxy database or achieve remote code execution on the Zabbix Server. Cisco worked with Zabbix to responsibly disclose these vulnerabilities and ensure that a patch is available. Zabbix has released public advisories regarding these vulnerabilities which are located here and here.
Vulnerability Spotlight: IrfanView Jpeg2000 Reference Tile width Arbitrary Code Execution Vulnerability
Discovered by Aleksandar Nikolic of Cisco Talos
Talos is disclosing TALOS-2017-0310 / CVE-2017-2813, an arbitrary code execution vulnerability in the JP2 plugin for IrfanView image viewer. IrfanView is a widely used, Windows based, image viewing and editing application.
This particular vulnerability is in the jpeg2000 plugin (JP2) for IrfanView resulting in an integer overflow which leads to a wrong memory allocation and eventual arbitrary code execution. This vulnerability is specifically related to the way in which the plugin leverages the reference tile width value in a buffer size allocation. There are insufficient checks being done which can result in a small buffer being allocated for a large tile. This results in a controlled out of bounds write vulnerability. This out of bounds write bug can be further leveraged to achieve code execution in the application. This vulnerability can be triggered by either viewing an image in the application or by using the thumb nailing feature of IrfanView.
Vulnerability Spotlight: Hard-coded Credential Flaw in Moxa ICS Wireless Access Points Identified and Fixed
Earlier this month, Talos responsibly disclosed a set of vulnerabilities in Moxa ICS wireless access points. While most of the vulnerabilities were addressed in the previous set of advisories, Talos has continued to work with Moxa to ensure all remaining vulnerabilities that Talos identified are patched. Today in coordination with Moxa, Talos is disclosing the TALOS-2016-0231, a hard-coded credential vulnerability that could allow an attacker to gain complete control of the device. Moxa has released a software update to address TALOS-2016-0231 and other bugs.
This post was authored by Nick Biasini
Throughout the majority of 2016, Locky was the dominant ransomware in the threat landscape. It was an early pioneer when it came to using scripting formats Windows hosts would natively handle, like .js, .wsf, and .hta. These scripting formats acted as a vehicle to deliver the payload via email campaigns. However, late in 2016 Locky distribution declined dramatically largely due to the slowdown of Necurs that occurred at the same time.
On April 21st, Talos observed the first large scale Locky campaign in months from Necurs. This campaign leveraged techniques associated with a recent Dridex campaign and is currently being distributed in very high volumes. Talos has seen in excess of 35K emails in the last several hours associated with this newest wave of Locky. This large wave of distribution has been attributed to the Necurs botnet which, until recently, had been focused on more traditional spam such as pump-and-dump spam, Russian dating spam, and work-from-home spam.