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February 2014 Threat Metrics

Web surfers in February 2014 experienced a median malware encounter rate of 1:341 requests, compared to a January 2014 median encounter rate of 1:375. This represents a 10% increase in risk of encountering web-delivered malware during the second month of the year. February 8, 9, and 16 were the highest risk days overall, at 1:244, 1:261, and 1:269, respectively. Interestingly, though perhaps not unexpectedly, web surfers were 77% more likely to encounter Facebook scams on the weekend compared to weekdays. 18% of all web malware encounters in February 2014 were for Facebook related scams.


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Coordinated Website Compromise Campaigns Continue to Plague Internet

This post is co-authored with Levi Gundert and Andrew Tsonchev.

Update 2014-03-21: For clarity, the old kernel is a common indicator on the compromised hosts. We are still investigating the vulnerability, and do not yet know what the initial vector is, only that the compromised hosts are similarly ‘old’.

Update 2014-03-22: This post’s focus relates to a malicious redirection campaign driven by unauthorized access to thousands of websites. The observation of affected hosts running Linux kernel 2.6 is anecdotal and in no way reflects a universal condition among all of the compromised websites. Accordingly, we have adjusted the title for clarity. We have not identified the initial exploit vector for the stage zero URIs. It was not our intention to conflate our anecdotal observations with the technical facts provided in the listed URIs or other demonstrable data, and the below strike through annotations reflect that. We also want to thank the community for the timely feedback.


TRAC has recently observed a large malicious web redirect campaign affecting hundreds of websites. Attackers compromised legitimate websites, inserting JavaScript that redirects visitors to other compromised websites. All of the affected web servers that we have examined use the Linux 2.6 kernel. Many of the affected servers are using Linux kernel versions first released in 2007 or earlier. It is possible that attackers have identified a vulnerability on the platform and have been able to take advantage of the fact that these are older systems that may not be continuously patched by administrators.
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Understanding Security Through Probability

TRAC-tank-vertical_logoThis post was also authored by Min-yi Shen and Martin Lee.

Security is all about probability. There is a certain probability that something bad will happen to your networks or your systems over the next 24 hours. Hoping that nothing bad will happen is unlikely to change that probability. Investing in security solutions will probably reduce the chance of something bad happening, but by how much? And where should resources be most profitably directed?

Cyber security is a complex environment with many unknowns and interdependencies. TRAC data scientists research this environment to try and understand how different variables affect security. Bayesian graph models are one of our most useful tools for understanding probabilities in security and to explore how the likelihood of outcomes can be changed. Read More »

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T-7: The Bundle Countdown Begins…

It’s that time of year again—the Cisco IOS Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication will go live in seven days. As a reminder, the Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) releases bundles of Cisco IOS Software Security Advisories on the fourth Wednesday of March and September each calendar year. As is the case with the vast majority of our advisories, vulnerabilities scheduled for disclosure in these upcoming Security Advisories will normally have a Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) Base Score from 7.0 to 10.0.

To ensure you’re prepared for the upcoming publication, consider:

  • Creating a text file of all the Cisco IOS Software releases in your network
  • Assembling a simple list of Cisco IOS Software technologies and features you use
  • Noting your username and password
  • Locating the username and password for your Cisco IOS routers and switches
  • Ensuring network operation partners are prepared for the security advisory release
  • Reviewing the benefits of OVAL and CVRF content

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Summary: Beyond Security Concerns: IoT Also Provides Security Benefits!

Security concerns surrounding the Internet of Things (IoT) is a topic that’s beginning to gain quite a head of steam lately, and for good reason. But it’s also important to note that IoT can dramatically improve the overall security posture of your organization.

Read the full Beyond Security Concerns: IoT Also Provides Security Benefits! blog post to learn more.

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