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Vulnerability Spotlight: Total Commander FileInfo Plugin Denial of Service

Talos is releasing an advisory for multiple vulnerabilities that have been found within the Total Commander FileInfo Plugin. These vulnerabilities are local denial of service flaws and have been assigned CVE-2015-2869. In accordance with our Vendor Vulnerability Reporting and Disclosure policy, these vulnerabilities have been disclosed to the plugin author(s) and CERT.  This post serves as a summary of the advisory.

Credit for these discoveries belongs to Marcin Noga of Talos.

TALOS-2015-024/CVE-2015-2869

An attacker who controls the content of a COFF Archive Library (.lib) file can can cause an out of bounds read by specifying overly large values for the ‘Size’ field of the Archive Member Header or the “Number Of Symbols” field in the 1st Linker Member. The second half of the vulnerability concerns an attacker who controls the content of a Linear Executable file can cause an out of bounds read by specifying overly large values for the “Resource Table Count” field of the LE Header or the “Object” field at offset 0x8 from a “Resource Table Entry”. An attacker who successfully exploits this vulnerability can cause the Total Commander application to unexpectedly terminate.

These vulnerabilities has been tested against FileInfo 2.21 and FileInfo 2.22.

Product URL

http://www.totalcmd.net/plugring/fileinfo.html

Finding and disclosing zero-day vulnerabilities responsibly helps improve the overall security of the devices and software people use on a day-to-day basis.  Talos is committed to this effort via developing programmatic ways to identify problems or flaws that could be otherwise exploited by malicious attackers. These developments help secure the platforms and software customers use and also help provide insight into how Cisco can improve its own processes to develop better products.

For further zero day or vulnerability reports and information visit:
http://talosintel.com/vulnerability-reports/

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Top 5 Success Factors for Cybersecurity Management Programs

securitySeveral years ago, an employee at an organization I worked for was terminated from his job, effective immediately. While being escorted from the facility this user picked up “his” backup media and started to leave the building. Fortunately, the security guards thought this was a little suspicious and escorted the user to the data center to ask whether this was permitted. They learned it wasn’t permitted and the user challenged the company’s right to confiscate of “his backup media”. In this case, the company had the foresight to implement an early version of a cybersecurity management program (CMP) backed by a CEO endorsed cybersecurity policy. This program contained a simple, mostly overlooked clause in the user account agreement that assigned ownership of all data created or stored on media written on by company computers, and the media itself, to the company without reservation. Since the user had signed this user account agreement, he had given up all rights to the media and its contents. The company retained the media and the former employee was summarily escorted off premises. The backup media contained some of the company’s latest designs, which he was attempting to steal. Without their CMP, the company could have been exposed to serious financial risk and potentially reputational damage. Read More »

AMP Threat Grid Integrated with Email Security

We recently announced the release of AsyncOS 9.5 for Cisco Email Security that included the integration of AMP Threat Grid. Now if Threat Grid could talk it would sound a lot like Ron Burgundy and say “I’m not sure if you know this, but I’m kind of a big deal.” Email is consistently one of the top two threat vectors for malware because so many people out there still open an attachment that looks harmless from someone they don’t know. We all want to think we won a cruise, but that’s not how it works. It’s how malware establishes a foothold on your system. AMP Threat Grid is there to make sure this doesn’t happen.

Cisco acquired Threat Grid to not only bolster its suite of advanced threat solutions, but to also integrate the technology into its advanced malware protection (AMP) products. AMP Threat Grid goes far beyond traditional sandboxing, providing a host of analytical engines to evaluate potential malware. From static and dynamic analysis to various post-processing techniques, AMP Threat Grid evaluates malware to provide the most comprehensive report for even the most junior security analysts. This video provides a more comprehensive overview. Those familiar with Cisco’s Email Security know we already had a sandbox built in and may ask ‘Why change?’ and that’s exactly the question you want to ask. There are really three key reasons: Read More »

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Microsoft Patch Tuesday – July 2015

Today, Microsoft has released their monthly set of security bulletins designed to address security vulnerabilities within their products. This month’s release sees a total of 14 bulletins being released which address 57 CVEs. Four of the bulletins are listed as Critical and address vulnerabilities in Windows Server Hyper-V, VBScript Scripting Engine, Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) and Internet Explorer. The remaining ten bulletins are marked as Important and address vulnerabilities in SQL Server, Windows DCOM RPC, NETLOGON, Windows Graphic Component, Windows Kernel Mode Driver, Microsoft Office, Windows Installer, Windows, and OLE.

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Ding! Your RAT has been delivered

This post was authored by Nick Biasini

Talos is constantly observing malicious spam campaigns delivering various different types of payloads. Common payloads include things like Dridex, Upatre, and various versions of Ransomware. One less common payload that Talos analyzes periodically are Remote Access Trojans or RATs. A recently observed spam campaign was using freeware remote access trojan DarkKomet (a.k.a DarkComet). This isn’t a novel approach since threat actors have been leveraging tools like DarkKomet or Hawkeye keylogger for quite sometime.

Some interesting techniques in this campaign were used by the threat actor to bypass simplistic sandbox methods including use of sub folders, right to left override, and excessive process creation. This threat also had surprising longevity and ample variations, used over time, to help ensure the success of the attack.

What is DarkKomet?

dc_panel_controller

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